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Consumer price index leaps 1.31% in September   2010-09-25 - Viet Nam News

The consumer price index in September soared dramatically by 1.31 per cent over last month, a leap that was three times greater than forecasts by the Market Watch Team.

The CPI rise sparked concerns that the year would end with a high annual inflation rate.

Do Thi Ngoc, an expert from the General Statistics Office, said the high increase in CPI this month was part of a trend in annual cyclical inflation fluctuations in Viet Nam.

On aggregate, the CPI rose 8.92 per cent over the last 12 months, and 8.64 per cent in comparison with the first nine months of last year.

Ngoc said two of the reasons for the strong increase in CPI during September were a rise of 2.32 per cent in food prices and a hike of 12.02 per cent in education services, while school fees increased by three to four times in 36 cities and provinces.

Another reason was an increase of 2.1 per cent in the depreciation of the Vietnamese dong compared to the US dollar, which in turn, hit a series of imported products, including construction steel, fuel and gasoline.

In addition, outbreaks of blue-ear pig disease also caused food and meat prices to soar.

A long National holiday spurred consumption and domestic tourism, a sector that saw price rises of nearly 0.8 per cent in food and restaurant services.

Gold saw a robust increase of 3.58 per cent in price this month, a rise of 37.39 per cent in comparison with the same period last year. Meanwhile, the US dollar increased 1.61 and 7.08 per cent, respectively.

Only post and telecommunications groups saw a decline in prices of 0.07 per cent this month.

Several provinces saw a high CPI, including Khanh Hoa (2.79 per cent); Thua Thien-Hue (1.89 per cent) and Can Tho (2.97 per cent).

The GSO’s experts also predicted that from now until the end of the year, the CPI will fluctuate due to increases in essential commodities prices, a continuous depreciation of the Vietnamese dong compared to the US dollar and price hikes for input materials for production and import products.

Also, consumption will soar next month during celebrations of 1,000 years since the foundation of Ha Noi, along with Christmas and the new year. Therefore, CPI for the year will likely be higher than 8.5 per cent.

CPI rises in major cities

The CPI in HCM City increased by 0.97 per cent compared to last month, after two consecutive months of decline, according to the city’s Statistics Office.

The city’s CPI in September rose 7.59 per cent compared to the same month last year.

Since the beginning of the year, the CPI has increased 5.54 per cent.

September was also the only month of the year that the prices of all 11 commodity groups in the price basket increased against last month.

Of the 11 commodity groups, the education category saw the highest increase of 5.57 per cent as September is the traditional start of the new school year. Most schools have raised tuition fees for the new school year.

The culture-sports-entertainment sector had the second-highest increase with 1.51 per cent, followed by the transport with 1.13 per cent.

Meanwhile, the CPI in Ha Noi also increased by 0.96 per cent compared to last month, according to the Ha Noi Statistics Office.

Ha Noi’s CPI in September increased by 9.05 per cent compared to the same period last year.

In September, gold prices were up 3.57 per cent over last month and the US dollar rose by 1.35 per cent against the Vietnamese dong.

Dr Tran Hoang Ngan, deputy rector of the University of Economics in HCM City, said that if the trade deficit was not managed more effectively, the time period between the rise of the US dollar against the Vietnamese dong would eventually become shorter, affecting macroeconomic stability, production and trade.

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